FYI: For a Free and Open Internet

Bundnis 90 / Die Gruenen : The German Greens

BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN : Alliance 90/The Greens

Note: This position paper was adopted by the Green Party of Germany at their recent convention of November 27, 2011. Thanks for the link goes to the techblog Techdirt, which notes:

The founding of the Pirate Party in Sweden in 2006 was regarded by many as a joke. After all, the argument went, who would want to be associated with “pirates” or vote for such a narrow platform? This overlooked the fact that the traditional political parties had consistently ignored the concerns of voters who understood that the Internet raised important questions about areas such as copyright and privacy. By focusing on precisely those issues, the Pirate Party gave disaffected voters the opportunity to express their dissatisfaction with the old political parties and their outdated policies.

The U.S. lacks a Pirate Party, but the concerns of tech libertarians are at the cutting edge of intellectual property and freedom of speech issues around the world. The concerns of this paper are not uniquely German or European. We’re reposting the paper here because activists in the U.S. have a great deal of work to do to address copyright in particular, and digital rights in general in the Internet age.

Original via Techdirt. Translation by Google Translate. Original here.

Exploit the opportunities of the Internet – – openness, freedom, participation, making the digital transformation go green!

Our social cohabitation has changed fundamentally over the past 20 years. After the peaceful revolution and the end of the Cold War began with the pioneering development of the World Wide Web a more decisive phase of globalization. Since then, we find ourselves in an ongoing process of global democratization, have increased while at the same dangers of censorship and surveillance by state and private agencies rapidly. Increasing transparency and participation, which we are commanded by the possibilities of the Internet have changed society and politics around the world sustainably. The digitization of the educational landscape and access to knowledge for all is the challenge before us. There are now some two billion people on our planet online, only 60 million users inside of them in Germany. All these people have more or less free access to global knowledge resources, economic, social, political and cultural participation. They use, how we could find recently in North Africa and the Middle East, which they offered new ways of communicating, to demand more democracy and transparency and to introduce to document human rights abuses and to create a global public. In many dictatorships and authoritarian regimes, the Internet – at least in part – the last voice and the only remaining bastion of freedom, even when individuals or state agencies through the manipulation of information, resources, pictures and videos to try another public through its propaganda . produce All this makes the Internet and the digital revolution of the largest media achievements since the invention of printing.

In light of these positive innovations, we are aware that we are at a decisive crossroads. The question of how and in what digital future, we want to live together democratically, as we want to tackle the new challenges that arise with increasing digitization and dissemination of the Internet to solve, and it must now be answered. We take as the Alliance 90/The Greens are passionate about this issue since in a decade, the public debate is also influenced for years by green cast. We fight not for one group, the most active or hardly active uses the Internet, or take only one perspective, but argue for the possibilities and strengthening of the Internet as a whole.

The global spread of the Internet raises questions that can not be answered from today to tomorrow. It is about processes that shape our own, where we will learn green again. In an exchange with other actors from science, culture, civil society and business, we want to develop our ideas and concepts. The challenges of the Internet can not be with the responses of the 20 Century master. If the program code and algorithms, the basis of the digital advances, more and more the central control mechanisms of the 21 Century, we also know that these are not rigid, but fluid, constantly moving. This motion is based not on a political topic or remain in a niche, but affect all policy areas. The digitization of our lives and the society will have an impact on all policy fields, power politics in the future even more mainstreamed, because it not only technical, but it is primarily about social changes and chances are that we want politically. We understand this as an opportunity to network policy by our core values ​​- ecology, self-determination, justice and enhanced living democracy – align.

The sovereignty of states has in the past centuries in the exercise of state power and thus also manifests the law enforcement through a clearly defined territory. The Internet creates a new global reality in parts: the digital sphere is literally endless. This shows us the need to democratically legitimized institutions to develop and establish new locations for democratic participation, and to preserve the freedom of the Internet. This is against the backdrop of increased government intervention in the infrastructure of the Internet, not only in countries like China or Iran, but also in Europe, including Turkey and Ukraine, the more crucial.

This claim we must nevertheless not be confused with the call for a maximum possible deregulation of the Internet. The Internet undoubtedly needs some rules: In order to suppress the economic dominance of less, to ensure maximum participation, to allow proportionate legal enforcement, to promote innovation and openness to life. We want to encourage creativity and do not depend on creative take, but a reasonable way and allow financial participation. Ensure an open and free Internet for all, one of the central challenges of our democracy and green politics will be in the coming decades.

The digital transition is in full swing

The increasingly intensive use of the Internet world is in motion changes, the impact of political systems influence and change structurally and permanently. Even in Germany, which uses digital opportunities often been far too timid, this transformation process must be made more democratic and solidarity. The freedom of the Internet in the 21st Century, but unfortunately no longer be taken for granted. Worldwide accumulate state intervention and circumcisions of civil rights on the Internet – is so necessary for active planning and sustaining the Internet freedom. The free and equal access to information contributes to a democratic awakening in small or large, by creating transparency and participation is possible. At the same time opens up for a free and open Internet is a new educational opportunities to more feeling, more and more new knowledge to new opportunities for social participation and economic development. The Greens want to use the Internet and its digital forms of public and supported the development in order to establish a new democratic culture that is more closely attuned to the citizens and so can be a real citizen government.

The uprisings in the MENA countries were the world’s first revolution, overthrew the dictatorship and it functioned primarily under the rules of the digital world. Worldwide searchable videos were to shield against further escalating state violence excesses, text messages have contributed to the mobilization of democratic protest and critical bloggers who were eyewitnesses to the spot and enriched the coverage or were frequently their function completely. Even the Green Movement in Iran mobilized and protected in part by new digital technologies in China and are revealed through short messages within a very short time and generates political pressure scandals.

All this makes the social importance of the Internet in all its facets and clearly demonstrates clearly why the urge to identify with us and growing state, but also economic control of the Internet must be suppressed. Software and hardware from Germany is used for Internet censorship and control of citizens in the dictatorships of our time. Internet access will be cut including from European companies, by government pressures. Human rights policy in the 21st Century thus receives a digital component. For the Alliance 90/The Greens, this means nothing less than the struggle for expression and press freedom on the Internet to perform with the utmost determination. A free Internet reinforces the freedom of information, the informational self-determination and freedom of assembly and association. To this end we sat down one – both nationally, as well as European and international.

For a free and open Internet

The errors which the world after the attacks of 11 September 2001 were committed with the dismantling of civil rights, shall not, especially when it comes to the defense of attacks of state and private actors in the Internet is not repeated. The slogan of “cyber security” should not lead to a cover for a reduction of free and open Internet. Concretely this means for us that we suspected the independent storage of information, including how to reject the retention (VDS) is required from telecommunication data, in no uncertain terms. It leads to a national data collection and monitoring of the law in our country shaken to its foundations. The consequence is a permanent general suspicion against all citizens and their constant controllability comprehensive data access. We Greens should enter Europe for a quick end to this practice and instead civil rights compliant solutions in law enforcement – a – for example through the Quick Freeze, the temporary backup data for the purpose of prosecution of traffic data in the specific case of suspicion.

Also we defend ourselves against the privatization of law enforcement without due process of law. Interference with fundamental rights such as freedom of expression or freedom of information may exist only on a statutory basis and by judicial decision. The secret to spy on computers, we reject the secret online searches, we want to abolish the federal and state governments, and help the newly created fundamental right to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of information technology systems, finally political also to its effect and protect privacy in the digital age . The Internet is not fundamental rights free!

To safeguard this, we call for a global code of one to secure our liberties and civil rights on the Internet. Some call this goal as Magna Carta of the 21 Century, while others want a transfer of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Internet age. The United Nations in 2003 clarified unanimously that these are the basis for the information society should be. For us Greens is clear: We must protect the universal human and civil rights in the Internet world.

Therefore, we argue for a stronger and more effective control and allow the end of the export of know-how, technology and software, censorship, bans and surveillance of the Internet. Even though we are the technical complexity and the possibilities of the dual use are aware in this area, it is still to find political ways to stop these practices and outlaw, so that the restriction of press freedom and freedom forced back on the Internet and the For example, tracking of bloggers and internet activists is tackled effectively. We have to give the greatest respect and recognition from those who venture into undemocratic regimes in the public and high personal risk in the world with their contributions, videos and Tweets a glimpse into the everyday political and social changes in their homeland.

We will strive to continue with all their strength for the expression and press freedom and fight against torture and draconian penalties and risk life and limb.

But even in Germany, the diversity of opinion, for example, with an impending abolition of net neutrality in danger. Since its inception, the technical structure of the Internet is neutral – no matter what content to do it: Whether video data, text data, images, or language – the data packets and files on an equal footing and without discrimination directed through the network. This principle of net neutrality was not only the guarantor of the past, democratic development of the Internet, but is also fundamental to the future of the Internet. Alliance 90/The Greens understand net neutrality as the equitable transfer of data over the Internet, regardless of their origin, destination, content, type of applications or used products, and as equal transmission of the transmission of data over the transmission medium of the Internet without disabling procedures such as locks is to understand Slowing and distortions. This is accompanied by a prohibition of discrimination is for the transport of data.

Because of the preferred transmission of certain data undermine democratic principles and hinders free competition. The further development and expansion of the Internet should not lead to less freedom in the use, unless the broadband connection in their own homes or in mobile Internet access. This massive intrusion into the democratic structure of the Internet in favor of the preferred transmission of data by a few big companies, we totally reject and put us instead for an effective protection of the equal freedom of speech on the Internet. We fight for the legal establishment of the network neutrality and to future funding for network expansion to an obligation of network operators coupled to network neutrality.

In areas where the increased deployment of broadband networks, or not yet progressed so far is to have the white spots are finally closed. For fiber-optic expansion, support is important and useful – the only way we can overcome the digital divide in our society. At the Green understanding of social participation in the 21 Century belongs to the broadband access as part of the general interest of ensuring a mandatory universal service and to establish the immunity from seizure of Internet access. We therefore want to stipulate by law that there must be from 2013, all citizens access to the Internet at a speed of 6 Mbit / second. Within the next five years we want to ensure full coverage of each household with a transmission rate in the double-digit Mbps range. Medium term, we want to adapt a dynamic embodied universal service regularly and gradually increase this bandwidth in order to make Germany fit for the digital age. By 2020 – its 30 Mbit / sec available everywhere – along the Digital Agenda. To us as an increase in upload speeds, since the uploading of data for a participatory Internet, in which one recipient is SenderIn and at the same time, fundamental. In addition, we want projects that have the expansion of free wireless networks to the goal – whether publicly or privately, whether in cities, public places or in public transport – to actively support and thus create a citizen-driven technological infrastructure.

We also want to promote technologies that enable the sharing of Internet bandwidth and guaranteeing the anonymity of accessing or using the Internet. We might organize not only a desirable site for all global exchange of knowledge, but at the same time the people could be passed on to the hand tools to use in authoritarian and totalitarian states, the Internet anonymously. Because for us is the possibility of the use of pseudonyms or anonymity be protected legally and central part of a free Internet. Even against the background that the Telemedia Act already makes clear guidelines for good reason, by the committed provider of tele-media services, to enable anonymous usage, we provide a so-called real names required a clear rejection. Who “Vermummungsverbot” calls on the Internet documenting his ignorance of the existing legal and risk while other data scandals.

As the upheaval in the Middle East and the Arab world have shown, the Internet’s openness with his fundamental for the development of our democracy and its revitalization. It enables new opportunities for participation in political and social processes. The Internet also opens up new forms of protest, either by publication of information and new ways of civil disobedience. The joint visit web pages and as a consequence, the blocking of these, without the aid of technical aids such as illegal or botnets, a network of infected computers controlled remotely and centrally, is for us to civil disobedience.

Freedom of Information 2.0: Transparent Democracy in a time of digitizing

The opportunities to create transparency to uncover human rights violations and denouncing social injustices, have received new impetus through the Internet. The publication of Wikileaks on environmental pollution in Africa, corruption in the banking system or human rights abuses in the war in Iraq have created a global public for these abuses. Although the right to transparency is not boundless, we are still guaranteed green for a new culture of openness, transparency, participation allows secrecy minimized while ensuring individual rights, and protected areas.

Therefore, we argue for an expansion and modernization of the Freedom of Information, where the existing fragmented access to information laws can be converted into a common citizenship law information. Must be justified in the future, why administrative documents or other public documents classified as secret and thus not be made available to the public. We want to turn the previously existing principle and oblige administrations to documents, analyzes, reports, surveys and statistics on demand not only surrendered, but proactively from the outset as an open data (open data) to make freely available. All government publications, including those of parliaments, we urge the use of machine-readable and free formats and the appropriate selection of operating licenses for private and for commercial use, to enable information value chains. Following the example of Bremen information register and of the Berlin Open Data Portal, we want to establish a centralized nationwide portal for open data introduce its decentralized data are entered from the federal, state and local governments.

We want to establish a culture of cooperation between citizens and administration, and develop it step by step together with the management, science and the interested public. 200 years of German management culture must be in the 21 Century continue to develop and we want to enable greater participation and transparency, also against anticipated resistance. We want a stronger accountability of political decision-making, more participation in social debate, reducing corruption and opaque back-room politics and motivation of many people to participate in our political and social life.

We feel here the principles of open government and administrative action (Open Government) is committed. To us, the Internet-based collaboration with innovative collaborative tools that are used for communication with the citizens. We support initiatives from green helps rule countries, government action and citizen participation to shape within the meaning of open government.

The Internet is the medium of choice when it comes to the active participation of citizens. Plan approval process should be made online at the earliest possible stage transparent, the public sector to publish contracts with mandatory private sector actors. We aim above all at increasing participation in decisions of government and administration, benefit from the knowledge of citizens and ensure their participation. The administration modernization in the context of e-government must not only rationalize, but above all, transparency and participation are aimed.

It will involve the establishment of effective protection of whistleblowers or informants inside. Who uncovers social grievances, criminal activity makes public or exposed illegal practices, is protected and covered with non-labor processes or actions for damages. It will come up more and more platforms such as Wikileaks, they will focus thematically or limited to certain regions. These platforms are protected as well as new intermediaries, for us they are part of an information culture that is covered by the principle of freedom of the press. Accordingly, we reject the methods of individual companies, as it was practiced in the Wikileaks case decisively. Whether on public pressure, or out of personal interest: must be protected press and freedom of expression, content on servers without a court decision may not be deleted due to pressure from state agencies from, accounts are not locked or domain names and IP addresses are not withdrawn. We welcome the efforts of a modern, journalists and whistleblowers inside-friendly media and Internet law, as it is currently being developed in Iceland, and want to work for a similar “Modern Media” package in Germany.

Privacy in the Digital Age

Fundamental reform of data protection, on the principle of informational self-determination and focus to our motto, “My data belongs to me” are essential. Alliance 90/The Greens continue to call this one emphatically. We do not believe that the privacy and protection are obsolete, but it requires an interplay of law, social debate and technical solutions in order to secure this. A world without privacy, we do not consider worth living. Privacy and intimacy, secrets and selective flow of information are the essential foundation of a free society, part of the creative and cultural expression of autonomous personalities. We want a privacy that is explicitly enshrined in the Constitution and guaranteed, but it allows each and every free and self-determination to self-publish their own data and information and to actively share with others. There must be legal clarity on what information may be published in what way and upon what principles to protect privacy.

Therefore we need to develop a comprehensive modernization of data protection. Modern data protection laws are characterized by innovative approaches, starting as a preventive measure also address indirect control mechanisms such as time limits and procedural arrangements and ongoing evaluations of their effectiveness is always included with. Regardless of constructs such as the Foundation privacy must be ensured in the case that privacy is also effective as a competitive factor. Therefore, we call the finite presentation of a demanding label and Auditing Act. Here explicitly the private sector has a responsibility. Collecting and analyzing data as a business model of social networks, e-commerce providers or search engine operators must conform with data protection, for this we need a strong legal basis for enforcement.

With the increasing digitalization and networking is the exploitation of databases becoming easier and arouses interest from both private and state actors. So we enter the European and international level for mandatory standards for data protection and fundamental rights on the Internet to push back the cuts in the Internet freedom. Free Memory orgies occasion, like the airline passenger data collection, we reject. The data further approvals in the U.S. for security purposes (PNR, SWIFT, etc.) are still not sufficiently narrowed, the legal protection is pathetic. The agreements are terminated or require massive renegotiations. We support the EU Justice Commissioner in her ambitious plans to regulate the European Data Protection Directive should be recast, the data better enforcement – think with help, with concepts such as “privacy by design”, the data in the design or “privacy by – even internationally default “, the highest data protection standards include by default.

No Internet blocking

Freedom in a digital world means protecting both the individual and his or her rights enforcement. The completely unreasonable and constitutionally hardly tenable blocking of Internet access to copyright infringement in France, the use of filtering technology in the UK or revocation lists in Finland fall massively in basic individual rights. They make the design of appropriate blocking and censorship infrastructures feed. As a civil rights party Alliance 90/The Greens stand for the strengthening of our civil rights and not for their degradation. When youth media protection on the Internet, hateful or inflammatory content, protection of personal rights or platforms which only have the libel and defamation of other people to the goal, when a criminal offense, the prosecution will be carried out consistently. The Greens are still set for an effective cancellation of forbidden content corresponding to a given rule of law, but also blocking fantasies still a clear rejection. In addition to effective, proportionate and also prosecution of crime, it is equally important to support the acquisition of media literacy and to expand the strengthening of self-determination of its users and users with appropriate programs.

It is for us the youth media protection no antiquated phrase, outdated thinking, but also in the digital world is a necessary task for society. We want to strongly differentiate between the protection of children and adolescents. However it must be designed in the youth media protection course in consideration of other fundamental rights of freedom. To put this together in a balance is the challenge we face in the future. The rejected by our new version of the Youth Media Protection State Treaty (JMStV) that is entitled to fairness and reasonableness is not done justice. Rather, it has taken a direction, which preferred commercial offers, and more difficult access to global opportunities. For us it’s about allowing minors while maintaining access. Mandatory pre-control and not affordable classifications we reject. We want to promote a youth policy, with the media literacy of all stakeholders will be strengthened and guardians will be given assistance. Youth media protection is united in our view, a multi-stakeholder task can only solve legal guardians, children and young people, teachers, professionals in child and youth work and the operators of Internet sites with this complex challenge. Mandatory programs or pre-filtering techniques are of the wrong approach. Important for us is that the criteria, why content should be accessible or inaccessible, are transparent and understandable. Otherwise, would prevent abuse or unilateral commercialization is difficult. The first decisions of the Commission on Youth (KJM) for certification of youth protection programs, we will check on that basis, accurately and accompany the application and the results of this critical software.

The knowledge about chances and risks is a prerequisite, so work can youth media protection. This ability to make critical use of the Internet can not be issued driver’s licenses through the Internet. Concepts of media literacy understood as pure knowledge query, such as some “media licenses,” the case, we therefore reject. Media literacy requires experienced and progressive learning, interactivity, use, and the use of media in different situations and needs to be developed further. The argument that such programs and must not end with leaving school. This process continues for life – and applies to both digital natives, for whom the Internet has always been present, as well as for the so-called silver surfers, who use the Internet again in old age and often intense. Here we will look at more international success and increasing funding for such programs, for example, the Media Education, at the country level. This is accompanied us to the recognition that change through the digitization of our cultural environment.

Computer games are part of the culture of video games, and for our cultural heritage. Populist calls for a ban on games that are in the general public called “killer games”, we like to keep the name wrong. The current boundaries for restricting the sale and advertising or the prosecution of games ranging from completely. Finally, we see computer games and multimedia applications as increasingly important field of action of the creative economy which should be supported with the tools of media production.

The experience of recent years have shown that for better law enforcement requires a strengthening of cross-border cooperation between the European and international law enforcement agencies. This must be our basic approach to introduce a global Internet governance structures are embedded. Here are many decisions are made. We want to push this through dialogue with all parties involved, in a multi-stakeholder approach. Because if it is equally basic to safeguard the freedom of the Internet, as well as for law enforcement is, are excessive monitoring and blocking measures that threaten our fundamental rights and have also proved purposeful as little, hopefully, finally part of the past.

Accessibility to live

The ability to make full use of the Internet is not only through the mediation of special skills, but also in the provision of appropriate content and platforms. Accessibility must be lived on the Internet. Here we want to implement the finally adopted barrier-free information technology ordinance (BITV 2.0) to make mandatory for all public facilities and advocate for intensive use in the private sector. This is the first step towards poverty barrier with the aim to achieve a real web accessibility. We want to live viewing and inclusion for people with disabilities here central rewarding ways the Internet can assist and support them. These potentials we want to promote, be it virtual city maps for wheelchair users or training platforms for the mentally handicapped.

Offers so as to be possible in the field of accessibility, it also needs the Internet standards that safeguard the open access and free use, and prevent complications by incompatibility.

The question of what kind of society we want to live tomorrow, is directly linked to the question of which technology is used. Alliance 90/The Greens are committed, that is considered nationally and internationally, the social role of technical standards, the standardization of formats, interfaces and protocols. Be involved in the development of standards must be our democratic vision of society, this applies to the content, as well as for the process. Digital technology for a free society can not develop into anti-democratic, closed circles. A free digital knowledge society can flourish only under conditions of openness and pluralism. Our goal is to increase the social and civic participation of all, and with the internet, difference and discrimination, whether based on reducing the gender, origin, appearance, social position or age.

Openness and fair balance of interests for the digital knowledge society

The digitization of our lives is one of the most powerful engine for social change wheels. The fast, affordable, unlimited reproduction possibility of certain content while maintaining quality and the global spread via the internet can create great opportunities. The digitization brings with it an enormous gain in freedom, as information, knowledge and cultural goods are freely accessible and easier, new ways of sharing knowledge and culture through a growing collection of public goods. The knowledge society in the Internet age may strengthen social participation massively improve educational opportunities for all and energize sustainable primarily and fundamentally strengthen our democracy. Instead of excluding other knowledge and information, we want to allow all participation, including through the free transfer of knowledge between the global north and global south.

We Greens are committed to continue to modernize and reform of copyright law and a fair balance between the interests of copyright users inside and the inside, so all in one internet participants. We want to strengthen the copyright owners and artists – also against the exploitation and marketing of their content, but also adequate financial compensation for the free use of their copyrighted content on the Internet. At the same time we want to end the criminalization of non-commercial use of copyrighted works on the Internet and facilitate access to them in principle. If copyrighted material on a website or platform offered directly, which has in no slight degree (higher than cost recovery) income from contributions from members as buyers or through advertising or links, this is a commercial scale.

With great concern we see in practice that many “new exploiters” benefit in the distribution of creative works from the Internet, without artists to participate and invest accordingly in their promotion and development. Even so, we want to reform the law of contract at European level to bring authors in a stronger negotiating position and enable new ways to access and use.

For the Alliance 90/The Greens has a make on the challenges of the digital world adapted to the intellectual goal of balancing the interests, needs, personal connections and rights of the creators of a work and the interests of cultural participation in society. By a temporary exclusivity of uses for the copyright inside to copyright allow, for example, the creators, as a building block of finance, from his work itself to benefit adequately funded (if he / she wants it) and indirect, not only of related revenues (such as performances , merchandise, marketing personality, etc.). Therefore is to ensure that artists have the opportunity to focus on the creation of new works and not to exercise a further the profession, which does not meet his / her artistic or creative skill forced. Thus, we expect a greater variety of cultural goods and thus a higher cultural wealth for the society, as it would without the copyright case.

Through the establishment of dominant recycling facilities was this fundamental goal of the highest cultural diversity and participation, while participation of creators in the past undermined in many areas and has thus also contributed to the acceptance of copyright law in parts of society has fallen sharply. Equate the debate over the introduction of credit protection laws for press publishers, which we reject, or public campaigns against copyright violations with serious crimes, only reinforce this trend. At the same time, in recent years established a system of Abmahnwesens that this acceptance of loss increased. It sets the wrong incentives and leads to mass warning letters, which often hit innocent bystanders. Therefore we want to change the system of Abmahnwesens, particularly in the area of ​​copyright infringement, fundamentally. Proposals on the amount in dispute reduction, elimination of reimbursement for the first warning, the reduction of control amounts in dispute, the abolition of the flying venue or an improvement of the proposed cost cap for simple cases are necessary and are supported by us and followed up.

With the digitization of cultural goods face new opportunities and new challenges in terms of the availability of content and usage habits of the user inside. Could the earlier vinyl record can only be played on your home or at friend record player, so plants are now stored on the phone, tablet, notebook or even in the cloud and play on different devices. More profit to use these achievements, we want to strengthen and protect and therefore argue for the right to private copying and the possibility of Wiederveräußerbarkeit of intellectual property, we want to instill consumer law. The private copying through technical measures may not be prevented by name, especially digital rights management (DRM), or by legal restrictions. Such a copy for private use and the right to copy them to your own devices, be it a laptop, an MP3 player, a tablet PC, or transferred to the smartphone, does not automatically include the right to share it with others and to publicly . The digital private copying is just as offset by a corresponding compensation, as the analogue private copying.

Remix culture and transformative use

Digitization makes it possible to produce content with relatively simple technical means and costs themselves, share, and the Internet accessible to the general public. This allows users also to be partly self-creative and use it for parts and copyrighted material for their creations. artists who create with their digital content on other creative works are, in turn, thus even in the user role. The Internet usage habits and develop creative formats that make it difficult to observe even from assumed goodwill, foreign copyrights.

The copyright should be in terms of its compatibility with the new use and licensing opportunities and in terms of its comprehensibility for users and authors in improving. In a society in which the technical capabilities of both the creation and editing of virtually any content and each are given, it must open up the copyright and this potential by making it easier to understand and designed.

Be emancipated, sustainable management of their own creative content, but also the fair treatment of the content of third parties must have a vision for the necessary transformation of the copyright. Copyright law must not ignore the potential of digitization or impede. Nor, however, allowed the rights of artists to be circumcised.

Therefore, we want comparable to fair-use provisions in U.S. law to introduce a copyright barrier to allow non-commercial use forms, which aims at the development and editing of existing works. Creative work must not fail on a restrictive copyright. The existing restrictions on copyright, we want to modify by alternative licensing forms, such as promoting Creative Commons, and will also use more, the clear distinction between the approach of commercial and non-commercial use.

To facilitate a culture of transformative use, the aim of our policy of providing as much knowledge and cultural products as possible, free to use. Therefore, we find that collecting societies allow Creative Commons licenses, so the artist can choose freely what they want to pursue ways of utilization want. A significant shortening of the periods of protection and flexibility as to five years with the possibility of renegotiation must go hand in hand. This means: A five-year period of protection from disclosure and subsequent chargeable repeated renewal option. We want to extend a barrier for the blind, so that they can easily come into the enjoyment of books.

A special responsibility to promote free knowledge and cultural goods, we see in the area of ​​public service broadcasting. Here, by the community, with substantial funds, financed a variety of works that are provided in our view, under free licenses, digitized for re-use in freely accessible archives. We see public broadcasting as part of our digital world and make us so against the current artificial lung passages and arbitrary time constraints. The obligation of public service broadcasting through legislation for de-publication of content is contrary to our notions of diversity and digital inclusion. Remove the control, a considerable part of the contents after seven days from the libraries to have to do is wrong and is rejected by us.

In the film archives of the Federal Republic deposited a rich and historically relevant film heritage. The digitization of this heritage is a great opportunity and more and more a necessity. The durability of the film roll is limited even with good storage conditions. We are committed to a long-term digital archiving, so that the film heritage alive and well in the future to a wider audience remains. A broader digitization of heritage can also open up new avenues of access through the Internet or DVD.

Even science has all the chances to benefit from the new digital realities drastically, if we create the political conditions for this. Many of the current copyright regulations do not meet the requirements and the practice of scientific research, the academic discourse and the dissemination of knowledge in research and teaching. In the scientific context, we support the principle of open access, free access to publications and other information. We aim to ensure that all future research and data, which were made possible through public funding, the public be made permanently available free of charge. Against the background of international experience, we want to consider what means and instruments – such as appropriate clauses in public allocations – are particularly suited to achieve this goal. Also, the copyright will be designed so that it makes scientific articles using the open-access publications and facilitated. Scientists need legal certainty if they publish in open access principle, for example via a secondary use rights indispensable for scientific journals and edited volumes, provided that these have arisen in the context of publicly funded or partially funded teaching and research activities. In addition, a modern copyright law workable and legally sound barriers include arrangements for the benefit of science, also in terms of fair use. This applies especially to work with digital documents on teaching and learning platforms, in seminars and research environments as well as long-term digital archiving and digital copy delivery.

In Total

Also in the field of private use will require sustainable new solutions to provide the required balance of interests between copyright and users. The increasing persecution of users, limiting their potential uses and the escalating invasion of privacy, as they are in France or Great Britain in the case contradict our goal of an open knowledge society. We expressly disclaim – they are disproportionate and counterproductive. Our goal is to appropriate remuneration of the non-commercial use of copyrighted works whose use is not subject to criminal nor civil law.

Thereby to maintain the balance between use and the right to financial compensation, we use the standard fee for the continuation of an established system in the digital age. For over 40 years pursuing paid in Germany in the field of non-commercial use instead. Sun levies on blank media such as CD or DVD media, photo copier or media will be charged.

This system we want the Internet to transmit and collect a monthly lump sum, which is based on the bandwidth. The report from the Institute for European Media Law for the Bundestag and European fraction from the year 2009 shows that such an approach is legally feasible, even if it would alter existing structures of the distribution and utilization of cultural goods radically. This approach we want to develop a concrete concept further, discuss it, and thus ultimately enable an information and knowledge society that is not characterized by criminalization, warning letters, civil rights restrictions, tracking and blocking of Internet connections. This policy is part of our green new social contract, because they are aligned on target, think the changes in our political world in new contexts.

Engine for innovation and progress

The openness of the Internet also enables new economic impetus and support the socio-ecological transformation. Investments to the Internet or the Internet are ubiquitous, it is to explain why this makes it no longer, because the positive spillover effects of investments in this area are far reaching. Free and Open software is further developed globally. People plan to continue in small start-ups and innovative ideas to create many new jobs. The securing of this innovation potential may not be prevented by restricting access to the Internet. Internet companies are among the most valuable brands of our time, this does not justify the closure of markets for a few large corporations. On the contrary: We turn on the Internet against the formation of monopolies and oligopolies. We continue to argue in terms of users for diversity and effective consumer rights.

During the focus therefore include business models that feel our goal of an open knowledge society especially committed. Open Business Models and socio-ecological business ideas rely on the approach of sharing, openness and sharing, and thus contribute greatly to a welfare gain for all. The time of foreclosure must be overcome. We fight for openness rather than patent wars and support free and open source software (FOSS) at all levels, as is the use of adequate provision is also a political statement for openness and against monopolies. For our Internet economy, therefore, the rights of the users especially in focus. Privacy and consumer rights are lived here all key points.

Alliance 90/The Greens, therefore, set to open standards that enable seamless interaction between different software (interoperability) and a ban on software patents, a. We want to change network externalities and lock-in effects of social networks that prevent the example that each and every social networking and easy porting resulting contacts and content can counteract this and open, where we examine the possibilities for separation bids. Networks or platforms should operate so independently of the supply or storage of data or information.

From innovation policy point of view would be the end of net neutrality a severe setback. Entrepreneurial creativity and ideas would be inhibited if the free access to end customers without any additional costs would not be possible or could shut out other platforms in the Internet offers.

The openness as we pursue economic engine must work but also socially. The Internet today is to show a significant economic factor and the successes of recent years, prosperity and new jobs are created with appropriate offerings. We want to support a culture-founders, the creative start-ups, promotes independence and enhances them concedes the social acceptance of this step in the independence and female entrepreneurship in the Internet itself. We are committed to improving the opportunities to get to risk capital because venture capital is fundamental to promote start-ups in the Internet economy. Germany is renowned as a land of engineers and a worldwide reputation with innovative business ideas can become the most attractive location for young and creative internet start-ups are outside North America. This goal we want to support politically. The power transfer between science and economy must be strengthened.

Green IT policy has always been a social level, nationally and internationally. In Germany, many workers in IT and the creative economy – at least at the beginning of her career – a precarious employment situation. Not least, the “generation” is particularly well represented. Even the restless project-based employment self-employed, we want to get a better social security counter. Thus social security contributions are paid permanently and unsettled life histories from becoming a risk factor in the social work agency or the will to put our labor market policies in this target group straight on. In addition, exemplified especially in the IT industry new models of flexible, familiengemäßeren working hours and employee participation, which include further promoted.

But internationally, there is a high responsibility of the IT industry, be it in the conditions of production or waste disposal. We focus on sustainable IT and communications solutions for the purposes of fair and green information technology (IT Fair / Green IT), instead of the short life cycles and an oversized More performance, storage space and pixels. The production of electronics must follow the principles of sustainability and held under humane conditions. Harmful substances, recyclability and low power consumption must be promoted as quality characteristics of modern electronics in all operational areas. Especially international companies but also public authorities are required here in order to lobby for appropriate labor and environmental conditions in their own businesses but also their suppliers. Not least, the conflict over rare earths makes it clear that must take place under the aspect of sustainability is a rethink. Information technology also offers potential to better shape our environmental future: Opportunities and Challenges, “by green information technology” to be, as we see in the area of ​​telework in the development of smart grids and sustainable urban environment and traffic management.

Designing with green values ​​digitizing

Network policy affected almost all sectors of our society and policies, science and culture policy, legal and domestic policy, children and youth politics, business and consumer, environmental and labor market policy – the list could be durchdeklinieren for all departments. The network policy is the major cross-cutting issue of our time. The Internet itself is not just a technical instrument, but a social place that should be exploited for more democratic participation. So it must also always be possible to participate without fully digital literacy to the social processes can. Our network has an established policy on socially inclusive and participation of all. The process of the digital future, both nationally and internationally to support politically, will require multiple solutions, which are not the right approach. It is a global process that necessitates the discussion with numerous actors come into the lobby interests are more visible and conflicts are inevitable. The Green approach is aimed at it from our values ​​and not current political grandstanding. For us, the interests and rights of its users and users in the foreground, not the interests of a few. Together with an interested public, in a culture of transparency, civil liberties and openness lives and respects individual choices, we want to further develop our network policies continuously and continue to fight for a progressive political power with its many opportunities.

Alliance 90/The Greens are located in developing their network policies in addition to their responsibility to all users of the Internet also aware of their responsibility towards those who do not participate in the Internet and therefore may not be suspended. In an open knowledge society in a participatory life, but just be possible even outside of the Internet.

Alliance 90/The Greens face the challenge of online and offline, the upheaval of 20 in the 21 Century design with all its new and exciting democratic possibilities to start with. We accept this challenge to the countryside.

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One thought on “FYI: For a Free and Open Internet

  1. Pingback: Open GLAM in Germany « Joris Pekel, Master New Media

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